Periodontal disease is the number one cause of tooth loss in adults. Periodontal disease is an infection of the gums, ligaments and jawbone and is caused by bacteria in the mouth. Periodontal disease begins at an early age, as plaque begins accumulating. You can prevent this from happening by brushing, flossing and visiting your hygienist regularly. Periodontal disease is usually painless. It is important to know the signs of its progress stages. Healthy gums are pink, do not bleed and are firmly supported by teeth and bone.
The earliest stage of gum disease is Gingivitis. Gums may be red, tender and swollen and may bleed when brushed, flossed or examined. The next stage, Moderate Periodontitis, occurs when gums begin to separate from the teeth. Gums may develop abscesses and tooth roots are exposed to plaque. Bad breath and a bad taste in the mouth are common. With Advanced Periodontitis, the bone supporting teeth is destroyed. Teeth will become loose and eventually need replacement. Don’t let this happen to you! A proper dental hygiene program and an awareness of the early symptoms are your best defence. Let us know if you have experienced these warning signs.